The State of the Housing Market in January

Table of Contents


In January, existing home sales expanded by 3.1%, reaching a seasonally adjusted rate of approximately 4 million sales. While this is an encouraging sign, there was a 1.7% decline compared to the previous year. The median existing home sales price also rose by 5% to $379,000 from January of the previous year. The limited inventory of homes on the market has resulted in higher prices, making it challenging for buyers to find affordable options.

Impacts of Limited Inventory

The current housing market is characterized by low inventory levels, as homeowners are hesitant to sell their properties due to the prevailing low mortgage rates. This situation has led to increased competition among buyers, resulting in bidding wars and inflated prices for homes. Many properties are selling for significantly more than they would have just a year or two ago, making it difficult for prospective buyers to enter the market.

Mortgage Rates and Affordability

As of February 15, the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage average stood at 6.77%, up from previous weeks and significantly higher than rates from a year ago. The rising mortgage rates are adding to the affordability challenges faced by potential homebuyers, as higher rates mean increased monthly payments and reduced purchasing power.

Expert Insights

Brad Case, Chief Economist at Middleburg Communities, highlighted the significance of the 3.1% increase in existing home sales in January. While this uptick is positive, Case expressed concerns about the overall weakness in the housing market in recent months. He emphasized the need for a healthier housing market to support the broader economy and suggested that the current situation does not resemble the housing market meltdown of previous years.

Future Outlook

Case noted that it is unlikely for the Federal Reserve to cut rates in the near future, which means that mortgage rates may not see significant declines. He advised potential homebuyers to focus on finding a home they want to live in rather than waiting for lower rates. The key to unlocking the housing market lies in existing homeowners recognizing the true value of their properties and putting them up for sale to increase inventory.

Case also discussed the regional shifts in housing demand, noting that many individuals are relocating to the Southeastern part of the US. This migration pattern is driving demand for both rental and owner-occupied housing in the region. The trend of people moving out of shared living arrangements and into their own homes or rental units is expected to continue, regardless of fluctuations in mortgage rates.

Rental Market Dynamics

In the rental market, there has been an increase in demand as more individuals seek rental properties. However, rental price growth has stabilized, with rents remaining flat or experiencing minimal increases. This trend indicates that renting has become a more viable option for those unable to afford high housing prices or secure favorable mortgage terms.

Income and Affordability

Case highlighted the strong wage and income growth, which has supported the rising housing prices. Despite the high costs associated with housing, the affordability of homes and mortgages is sustained by the robust growth in wages. This factor enables individuals to enter the housing market and form new households, contributing to the overall stability of the real estate sector.


Q: How are rising mortgage rates impacting the housing market?

A: Rising mortgage rates are making it more challenging for potential homebuyers to afford purchasing a property, leading to increased competition and higher prices.

Q: What role does limited inventory play in the current housing market?

A: Limited inventory has resulted in inflated prices and bidding wars among buyers, as homeowners are reluctant to sell their properties in a low-rate environment.

Q: How can existing homeowners contribute to improving the housing market?

A: By recognizing the true value of their properties and listing them for sale, existing homeowners can help increase inventory and create more opportunities for buyers.


The housing market in January saw a mix of positive and challenging trends, with rising prices, limited inventory, and increasing mortgage rates impacting the overall landscape. While there are concerns about affordability and competition, there are also opportunities for growth and stability in certain regions. By understanding the dynamics of the market and making informed decisions, both buyers and sellers can navigate the current conditions successfully.

Indranil Ghosh

Indranil Ghosh

Articles: 249

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